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Skousen, Jeffrey

Professor of Soil Science

Jeff Skousen is a Professor of Soil Science in the Division of Plant and Soil Sciences (Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design) and is the Extension Land Reclamation Specialist in the Agriculture and Natural Resources Program Unit of the West Virginia University Extension Service. He received his Ph.D. from Texas A&M University, and M.S. and B.S. degrees from Brigham Young University.

Jeff has more than 40 years of experience in reclamation of disturbed lands, soil and water remediation, and agriculture. He teaches courses in soil science, environmental science, and reclamation of disturbed soils.

His research program includes acid mine drainage control and treatment and improvement of water quality, overburden and soil analyses, reclamation of oil and gas extraction sites, revegetation of disturbed lands, reforestation, native plant restoration, biomass for bioenergy, and post-mining land use development. He has published over 300 articles in journals, books, proceedings, and extension publications. He works with faculty across campus and with researchers at other institutions, guides graduate student research, and presents research results at professional meetings. He organizes the annual Acid Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium, conducts seminars and workshops on mined land reclamation, and consults with state and federal agency personnel, landowners, coal operators, and consultants. He works internationally on land reclamation issues in Asia and Europe.

He received the Applied Soil Science Award from the Soil Science Society of America, the Plass Award for Life-long Achievements in Reclamation Research and Service by the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, the Golden Auger Award from the WV Association of Soil Scientists, the Heebink Award for Outstanding Service from West Virginia University, and several outstanding teaching, research, and service awards in the department and college. He is a member of the science team of the Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative and edits the American Society of Mining and Reclamation’s magazine entitled “Reclamation Matters.” He has served on numerous national committees and councils on reclamation, including the president of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation twice, and was an associate editor for the Journal of Environmental Quality for six years.

Jeff and his wife, Debbie, raised their four children in Morgantown, and live on a 120-acre farm west of Morgantown. He enjoys church service, music, and sports, and plays and tunes pianos.

Select Publications

  1. Zipper, C.E., and J. Skousen. 2021. Appalachia’s Coal-Mined Landscapes: Resources and Communities in a New Energy Era. Springer Nature. ISBN-13: 978-3030577797, 351 p. 
  2. Skousen, J. 2004-2021. Editor. Reclamation Matters. Spring and Fall, 34 issues, American Society of Mining and Reclamation. DEL Communications, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  3. Skousen, J., P. Ziemkiewicz, and L. McDonald. 2019. Acid mine drainage: sources and treatment in the United States. In: Encyclopedia of Water: Science, Technology, and Society. Wiley Publishers, New York.
  4. Kane, J.L., E.M. Morrissey, J.G. Skousen, and Z.B. Freedman. 2020. Soil microbial succession following surface mining is governed primarily by deterministic factors. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 11: 114. DOI 10.1093/femsec/fiaa114.  
  5. Caterino, B., J. Schuler, S. Grushecky, and J. Skousen. 2020. Early growth and survival of shrub willow on newly reclaimed mine soil. New Forests 51: 1087-1099. DOI 10.1007/s11056-020-09776-4
  6. Dallaire, K, and J. Skousen. 2019. Early tree growth in reclaimed mine soils in Appalachia USA. Forests 10:549. DOI 10.3390/f10070549
  7. Skousen, J., P. Ziemkiewicz, and L. McDonald. 2019. Acid mine drainage formation, control and treatment: approaches and strategies. Extractive Industries and Society 6:241-249. DOI 10.1016/j.exis.2018.09.008
  8. French, M., C. Barton, B. McCarthy, C. Keiffer, J. Skousen, C. Zipper, and P. Angel. 2018. Re-establishing American chestnut on mined lands in the Appalachian coalfields. J. Environmental Solutions for Oil, Gas, and Mining: 4(1) 11-19. DOI 10.3992/2377-3545-4.1.11
  9. Monteleone, A., J. Skousen, J. Shuler, L. McDonald, R. Williams, I. Holaskova. 2018. Survival and growth of 20 species of trees and shrubs on Appalachian surface mines. Land Degrad. Develop. DOI 10.1002/ldr.2962.
  10. Scagline-Mellor, S., T. Griggs, J. Skousen, E. Wolfrum, I. Holaskova. 2018. Switchgrass and giant miscanthus biomass and theoretical ethanol production from reclaimed mine lands. BioEnergy Research 11:562-573. DOI 10.1007/s12155-018-9915-2.
  11. Skousen, J, K. Dallaire, S. Scagline-Mellor, A. Monteleone, L. Wilson-Kokes, J. Joyce, C. Thomas, T. Keene, C. DeLong, T. Cook, D. Jacobs. 2018. Plantation performance of chestnut hybrids and progenitors on reclaimed Appalachian surface mines. New Forests. DOI 10.1007/s11056-018-9643-7. 
  12. Skousen, J. 2017. A methodology for geologic testing for land disturbance: acid-base accounting for surface mines. Geoderma 308:302-311. DOI 10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.07.038
  13. Cheng, L., and J. Skousen. 2017. Comparison of international mine reclamation bonding systems with recommendations for China. Int. J. Coal Sci. Technol. DOI 10.1007/s40789-017-0164-3.
  14. Skousen, J., C. Zipper, A. Rose, P. Ziemkiewicz, R. Nairn, L.M. McDonald, and R.L. Kleinmann. 2017. Review of passive systems for acid mine drainage treatment. Mine Water Environ. 36: 133-153. DOI 10.1007/s10230-016-0417-1
  15. Daniels, W.L., C.E. Zipper, Z.W. Orndorff, J. Skousen, C.D. Barton, L.M. McDonald, and M.A. Beck. 2016. Predicting total dissolved solids release from central Appalachian coal mine spoils. Env. Poll 216: 371-379. DOI 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.044 
  16. Macdonald, E., S. Landhausser, J. Skousen, J. Franklin, J. Frouz, S. Hall, D. Jacobs, and S. Quideau. 2015. Forest restoration following surface mining disturbance: challenges and solutions. New Forests 46: 703-732. DOI 10.1007/s11056-015-9506-4.
  17. Brown, C., T. Griggs, T. Keene, M. Marra, and J. Skousen. 2015. Switchgrass biofuel production on reclaimed surface mines: I. Soil quality and dry matter yield. Bioenergy Res. 9: 31-39. DOI 10.1007/s12155-015-9658-2
  18. Mack, B., J. Skousen, and L.M. McDonald. 2015. Effect of flow rate on acidity concentration from above-drainage underground mines. Mine Water Environ. 34: 50-58. DOI 10.1007/s10230-014-0278-4
  19. Skousen, J., and C. Zipper. 2014. Post-mining policies and practices in the Eastern USA Coal Region. Intl. J. Coal Sci. Techn. 1: 135-151. DOI 10.1007/s40789-014-0021-6
  20. Wilson-Kokes, L., P. Emerson, C. DeLong, C. Thomas, and J. Skousen. 2013. Hardwood tree growth after eight years on brown and gray mine soils in West Virginia.  J. Env. Qual. 42: 1353-1362. DOI 10.2134/jeq2013.04.0113
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