Assistant Professor of Environmental Microbiology
Soils are the most biodiverse habitats on earth, with a single gram typically containing thousands of bacterial, fungal, and archaeal “species” or phylotypes. It is perhaps due to this great diversity that so many fundamental questions about the assembly and functioning of these communities remain unanswered. The overarching aim of Dr. Morrissey’s research program is to better understand ecosystem biogeochemistry through the consideration of microbial communities. Specifically, we seek determine: 1) how environmental conditions structure microbial communities and 2) how the composition of these communities regulates ecosystem biogeochemistry. To accomplish these aims, we use a variety of modern genetic and bioinformatic tools in combination with assessments of microbial activity and ecosystem biogeochemistry. As microbial community composition influences ecosystem processes, the study of microbial communities will enable us to better manage and predict ecosystem processes relevant to mitigating today’s environmental problems.
, Mau RL, Schwartz E, Caporaso JG, Dijkstra P, van Gestel N, Koch BJ, Liu CM,
Hayer M, Mc Hugh TA, Marks JC, Price LB, Hungate BA (2016). Phylogenetic organization
of bacterial activity. The ISME Journal. doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.28
, Franklin RB (2015) Evolutionary history influences the salinity preference
of bacterial taxa in wetland soils. Frontiers in Microbiology,6.
, McHugh TA, Preteska L, Hayer M, Dijkstra P, Hungate BA, Schwartz E. (2015)
Dynamics of extracellular DNA decomposition and bacterial community structure
in relation to soil mineralogy. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 86:42-49.
, Gillespie JL, Morina JC, Franklin RB (2014) Salinity affects microbial activity
and soil organic matter content in tidal wetlands. Global Change Biology. 20:1351-1362.
, Berrier DJ, Neubauer SC, Franklin RB (2014) Using microbial communities and
extracellular enzymes to link soil organic matter characteristics to greenhouse
gas production in a tidal freshwater wetland. Biogeochemistry. 117:473-490.